Non conventional fuels
Environmentally sustainable transportation is among the most important challenges that we have to face in the near future if we want to solve our energy dependence and CO2 emission issues. In that context, we are working on different non conventional fuels produced from biomass or waste.
Biofuels from lignocellulose or biomass residues
Biofuels from lignocellulose or biomass residues have the potential to provide an important share of the future transportation fuels. Especially fuels derived from lignocellulosic biomass, like pentanoate esters and triglycerides obtained from glycerol are promising new biofuels. Burner tests at low pressure of these new fuels are conducted in collaboration with the UCL, enabling the development of a kinetic model for the combustion of these biofuels. Secondly, the life cycle regarding their production is assessed.
The publications below illustrate our work on biofuels: F. Contino et al., Journal of Energy Engineering, 140(3):A4014013, 2013. link S. Van Damme et al., Energy Procedia, 61(0):1852–1859, 2014. link
Recycling of car organic waste
We are also investigating the conversion of organic waste (plastic, foams, rubber, etc) into synthesis fuels. Some pilot plant are already operated with this concept around the world. However the quality of the fuels do not allow anything else than the dilution of low quantities in crude oil, then treated in refineries. Leveraging the results obtained during a previous project (Phoenix), the Phoebus project proposes a new path to maximize the added-value of the synthesis fuels. By using a patented process including a purification stage, it is then possible to inject the fuels directly into piston engines used in a combined heat and power cycle allowing a very high global efficiency (45 %) and low pollutants emissions.